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Content |  Length |  Language |  Deadlines |  Eligibility |  Preparation |  Layout | Title |  Details of Authors |  Abstract | Keywords | Introduction | Main Body of Paper |  Acknowledgements | References |  Tables | Figures |  Numbers, Symbols and Abbreviations |  Page Numbers |  Delivery of Manuscripts |  Electronic Format



Papers should be of interest to an international audience and should present:
  • original data
  • new concepts
  • novel analysis
  • innovative presentation
  • new interpretations of previously published material
Papers may be of a scientific, economic or technological nature.

Papers should be of no more than 2,500 words. Tables and figures only strictly necessary for the presentation should be included. Papers should include an abstract of no more than 200 words.

Papers and abstracts must be presented in English. Authors may include abstracts in French or Spanish if they are able, if not, the relevant commissioners will produce the translated abstracts.


Manuscripts accompanied by electronic format
must be received by the relevant Commissioners by end July 1998,
Posters by end September 1998.

 Deadline for Submission of Papers 
Extended up to 31st August 1998


At least one of the authors must be a member of the ISSCT. Authors should make every effort to present their paper at the congress. However, if they are unable to attend, they must ensure that another member with good knowledge of the work will make the presentation on their behalf.

Commissioners may reject papers that require excessive editing. It is suggested that before submission authors have their papers reviewed by colleagues, and, if possible, by a person fluent in English. Authors who have problems with the English language should send their papers to the commissioners well before the stipulated deadlines. Furthermore, authors are encouraged to contact the relevant commissioner before submitting their papers to clarify any doubts concerning the manner of presentation of their papers.

Each paragraph should be restricted to one theme or a point. Sentences should be concise. Tables and figures must be referred to in the text, and only data referred to in the text should be presented in the tables or figures.


The layout of the papers should follow the following general format :

The manuscript should begin with the title of the paper in capital letters (e.g.,


The title should be concise. Authors should minimize such phrases as "The use of..." "The effects of ..." or "A Detailed Study of..." in the title of their paper.


The name(s) of the author(s) should be accompanied by the institution they represent and its address. In the case of multiple authors from different institutions, the name of each author should be marked with a superscript number beginning with 1. The addresses corresponding to each author should also be marked with the same superscript number. The professional title and rank of the author should not be included.

The abstract should be of no more than 200 words.

Immediately following the abstract authors should write "Keywords" and include less than eight keywords indicating the contents of the articles.

The introduction should inform the reader of the overall purpose of the paper and provide information on the previous work or experience on the theme of the paper.

In the case of scientific papers, it s suggested that authors follow the standard presentation involving the following sections :
  • materials and methods
  • results
  • discussion and
  • conclusions.

In the case of review articles or description of technological processes authors should decide on the layout most suitable for their presentation. However, wherever possible a section of conclusions should be included.


Where authors desire they may include a short section of Acknowledgements. It should not be more than 50 words

The single word "References" should be used to head the list of cited publications.
  1. Only cited publications referred to in the main text or as sources of information in figures or tables should be included in the list of references.

  2. In the text, references should be cited by the name of author(s) and year.

  3. In case of two authors, both the names should be included.

  4. In case of three or more authors, only the name of the first author followed by et al. should be included.

  5. In case of multiple papers by the same author(s) in the same year, the first reference should be followed by a, the second by b, etc.

  6. The references should be listed in the alphabetical order of the family name of senior author.

  7. The year of publication should be used as a secondary criterion for listing the references.

  8. Each reference to an article in a periodical or journal must contain the following information in the same order:

    • The name (s) of the author (s)
    • The year of publication in brackets (including a following letter in the case of multiple papers by the same author(s) in the same year)
    • The full title of the article
    • The abbreviated name of the periodical or journaL
    • The volume number and the inclusive page numbers of the cited article.

  9. Do not use capital letters in the titles except for the initial letter of the first word in the title and proper names.

  10. Each word forming the name of the journal should begin with a capital letter.

  11. The abbreviations for journals or periodicals should follow the systems used in the World List of Scientific Periodicals of Chemicals Abstracts. If the journal cannot be found in Chemical Abstracts, the acceptable abbreviation may be found in recent volumes of the Proceedings of the ISSCT.

  12. References to articles presented in proceedings should include:

    • name(s) of the author (s)
    • the year of publication in brackets
    • the full title of the article
    • the title of the proceedings
    • the venue and date of the meeting
    • the name(s) of the editors
    • the publisher and the inclusive pages of the article cited.

  13. Each reference to a book should include :

    • author (s) name
    • year of publication
    • number of pages.

  14. Hypothetical examples of how articles are to be cited in the text and presented in the references section are given below ( note : please do not look for these references as they are invented to indicate the principles used in the simplest possible manner)

    "The photosynthesis of sugarcane canopies increases linearly with total solar radiation intercepted (Bloggs and Higgins 1992a, Wilkins et al. 1993). Bloggs and Higgins (1992b) used a simulation model based on total radiation during the growth cycle to estimate productivity".

    These references would then be cited as:

    Bloggs, C.P. and Higgins, J.C. (1992a), Sugarcane Photosynthesis. In proceedings of the World Photosynthesis Symposium, Trivandrum, India, 1991. D. Snooks and S. Tan (Eds)/ Pathan Press, New Delhi pp.120-126.

    Bloggs, C.P. and Higgins, J.C. (1992b). A sugarcane productivity model. Aust. J. Agric. Res: 21:91-96.

    Wilkins, S.Y. Yoshida, T. and Chen, S.K. (1993). Photosynthesis of suqarcane and solar radiation. Crop Sci. 22:12-15.


  • Tables must be submitted separately on individual sheets of paper numbered consecutively.
  • The position of each table should be indicated in the text (e.g., table 1).
  • Title and column headings should be in lower case letters except for the initial letter of the first word and proper nouns.
  • A complete list of tables with titles should be presented on a separate sheet of paper.

  1. Figures in the form of graphs, diagrams and photographs must be numbered consecutively and referred to in the text (e.g., fig. 1).

  2. Drawings, graphs or diagrams may be prepared by computer, in which case they must be reproduced using a printer of high quality with high resolution. Laser printers and bubble jet printers are preferred. Low resolution or dot matrix printer prepared figures are not acceptable. Each figure must be prepared on a separate sheet with no labels or writing on the figure. Figures not prepared by computers and printers must be carefully prepared on smooth white drawing paper, using Indian ink or an equivalent quality drawing ink.

  3. A photocopy of the figure with typed labels and legends should accompany each drawing so that the editors can use a standard typeface for all figures. In both computer prepared and hand drawn figures a complete list of figures with titles should be presented on a separate sheet of paper.

  4. For graphs authors should also provide a table of the original data used for developing the graph points as this will later assist in the development of standard computer graphics for the proceedings (see also section on electronic format).

  5. Figures with photographs are only acceptable as high quality black and white glossy prints.

The metric system (SI) is used by ISSCT. Only well known abbreviations should be used (e.g, Fig., mm, avg, wt, meq). Symbols should be used to designate elements and compounds and to indicate percent (%). Arabic numerals should be used for numbers except when the number is the first word in the sentence or the use of a numerical would create confusion.

Number all pages, except the first, in the upper right hand corner.

Two copies of the main text typed or printed double spaced on standard A4 or 8.5" by 11" sheets, accompanied by two copies of the figures and tables as described above, should be sent to the relevant commissioner (see below) by the deadlines defined above. The hard copies must be accompanied by the paper in an electronic format to facilitate editing and reduce transcription errors. The system of electronic format is described below.

The standard operating system for the Congress is Windows 95.

The preferred electronic format for manuscripts is Microsoft Word 7 & WordPerfect. Text developed in other formats should be converted to ASCII files.

The graphs for the paper, as far as possible, should be produced in Harvard Business Graphics. In case of graphs developed in other graphics packages the individual data points can be sent in ASCII format with a "," to delimit each data point and spaces to separate data sets or ranges.

In all cases of electronic format for manuscript and figures, authors should provide a note describing the programs used and the identification of files. Diskettes should be 3.5 inch standard or if this is not possible 5.25 inch diskettes are also acceptable. In all cases the electronic format should be accompanied by a hard copy of all relevant information.


Content |  Length |  Language |  Deadlines |  Eligibility |  Preparation |  Layout | Title |  Details of Authors |  Abstract | Keywords | Introduction | Main Body of Paper |  Acknowledgements | References |  Tables | Figures |  Numbers, Symbols and Abbreviations |  Page Numbers |  Delivery of Manuscripts |  Electronic Format


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